Between the years 2013 and 2015, Economic Development Commission beneficiaries paid an average of about $103 million per year in taxes and $3.3 million per year in contractually obligated donations to charitable organizations and educational programs, according to a new report from the Economic Development Authority.
That is a slight increase in total dollars from the $91 million per year average for the years 1999 to 2009. If you controlling for inflation from 2009 to 2015, the receipts neither went up nor down.
For all three years combined, that comes to more than $309 million in taxes and $9.7 million in required donations, Kamal Latham, chief executive officer of the Economic Development Authority, said Tuesday at Government House on St. Croix.
Additionally, the 71 client companies directly hired between 2,939 and 4,305 employees in each of the three years. Other EDC data show that about half of those jobs are direct hiring by hotels that get tax breaks. Just three St. Thomas hotels: Frenchman’s Reef, Sugar Bay and the Ritz Carlton account for more than 1,000 of the direct employment by EDC beneficiaries. EDC hotels combined show about 1,795 direct jobs. Spending by those companies generated more jobs. The report speaks of 19,308 “person-years of employment” created over the three year period. One person employed full-time for three years would be three “person-years of employment,” so that number reflects an estimate of about 6,500 direct and indirect jobs attributable to EDC companies.
Those jobs paid more than $1 billion in wages over the three years- or about $333 million per year.
Those figures are from the Economic Impact Analysis Report published in June and based on data compiled by the University of the Virgin Islands Institute for Leadership and Organizational Effectiveness, and Appleseed Inc. Appleseed is a New York firm that provides economic impact analyses and economic development studies.
Latham said his goal is to add another 50 new businesses to the tax benefit program. The areas of focus are new hotels and resorts, new financial services companies and manufacturers. Staff will attend trade shows and conferences to recruit businesses and there is a new website that advertises commercial properties for sale or lease.
During his press conference, Latham introduced Gov. Albert Bryan Jr. and said he was the “main reason” for the success at the commission. Bryan served as chairman of the Economic Development Authority during his eight-year term as Labor commissioner under Gov. John deJongh, Jr.
The governor talked about the tax report from 2017 and outlined some of the planned uses for the funds. He talked about improving education with safe environments, strong curriculums and less money spent on maintenance. There are internships available for students, provided by commission clients, and high school graduates can attend UVI free of charge.
The government is helping clients by “gutting” the licensing and permitting processes, Bryan said, to make it easier to do business in the Virgin Islands.
In the meantime, poverty statistics have to be lowered, he said, mentioning the costs of building low income housing and caring for prisoners. The V.I. poverty levels are “lopsided” and “killing us,” the governor said.
Bryan pointed out that there were almost 35,000 individual and household tax filers in 2017 and 89 of them paid 66 percent of the taxes. Corporate taxpayers paid another $60 million.
The Economic Development Authority was started in 2001 as a semi-autonomous government agency to create “an environment for business retention, expansion and growth for the economic stability.” The entities within the authority are the Economic Development Commission, the Economic Development Park Corporation, the Enterprise Zone Commission and the Economic Development Bank.
There are strict rules and regulations for beneficiaries to receive tax benefits. Eighty percent of all those employed by clients of the commission are required to be V.I. residents and after the third year of operation, at least 20 percent of management, supervisory and/or technical positions must be filled by residents. Companies must pay employees at least the minimum wage and include health insurance, paid leave, a pension as well as professional development and tuition remission.
During the three-year period of the study, the number of employees reported by beneficiaries declined by almost 2,000 people. The report speculated that the loss may have been due to increased competition from other areas, including Puerto Rico, difficult economic times in the territory, and an amendment to legislation that allows a reduced number of employees for financial services companies.
The Economic Development Commission’s clients receive substantial tax breaks to operate in the territory: 90 percent reduction in corporate and personal income tax; 100 percent exemption on excise, property and gross receipt taxes. The clients are required also to reside in the territory at least 183 days a year and file their worldwide income taxes in the territory.